Proposition: 8.03: Geometric Progression in Lowest Terms has Co-prime Extremes
(Proposition 3 from Book 8 of Euclid's “Elements”)
If there are any multitude whatsoever of numbers in continued proportion (which are) the least of those (numbers) having the same ratio as them then the outermost of them are prime to one another.
* Let $A$, $B$, $C$, $D$ be any multitude whatsoever of numbers in continued proportion (which are) the least of those (numbers) having the same ratio as them.
* I say that the outermost of them, $A$ and $D$, are prime to one another.
If $\frac AB=\frac BC=\frac CD$ are a geometric progression and the least of these numbers, then $A$ and $D$ are co-prime.
Table of Contents
Proofs: 1 2 3
Adapted from (subject to copyright, with kind permission)
- Fitzpatrick, Richard: Euclid's "Elements of Geometry"
Adapted from CC BY-SA 3.0 Sources:
- Prime.mover and others: "Pr∞fWiki", https://proofwiki.org/wiki/Main_Page, 2016