(related to Proposition: Prop. 10.053: Construction of Sixth Binomial Straight Line)

- Let the two numbers $AC$ and $CB$ be laid down such that $AB$ does not have to each of them the ratio which (some) square number (has) to (some) square number.
- And let $D$ also be another number, which is not square, and does not have to each of $BA$ and $AC$ the ratio which (some) square number (has) to (some) square number either [Prop. 10.28 lem. I] .
- And let some rational straight line $E$ be laid down.
- And let it have been contrived that as $D$ (is) to $AB$, so the (square) on $E$ (is) to the (square) on $FG$ [Prop. 10.6 corr.] .
- Thus, the (square) on $E$ (is) commensurable with the (square) on on $FG$ [Prop. 10.6].
- And $E$ is rational.
- Thus, $FG$ (is) also rational.
- And since $D$ does not have to $AB$ the ratio which (some) square number (has) to (some) square number, the (square) on $E$ thus does not have to the (square) on $FG$ the ratio which (some) square number (has) to (some) square number either.
- Thus, $E$ (is) incommensurable in length with $FG$ [Prop. 10.9].
- So, again, let it have be contrived that as $BA$ (is) to $AC$, so the (square) on $FG$ (is) to the (square) on $GH$ [Prop. 10.6 corr.] .
- The (square) on $FG$ (is) thus commensurable with the (square) on on $HG$ [Prop. 10.6].
- The (square) on $HG$ (is) thus rational.
- Thus, $HG$ (is) rational.
- And since $BA$ does not have to $AC$ the ratio which (some) square number (has) to (some) square number, the (square) on $FG$ does not have to the (square) on $GH$ the ratio which (some) square number (has) to (some) square number either.
- Thus, $FG$ is incommensurable in length with $GH$ [Prop. 10.9].
- Thus, $FG$ and $GH$ are rational (straight lines which are) commensurable in square only.
- Thus, $FH$ is a binomial (straight line) [Prop. 10.36].
- So, we must show that (it is) also a sixth (binomial straight line).

- For since as $D$ is to $AB$, so the (square) on $E$ (is) to the (square) on $FG$, and also as $BA$ is to $AC$, so the (square) on $FG$ (is) to the (square) on $GH$, thus, via equality, as $D$ is to $AC$, so the (square) on $E$ (is) to the (square) on $GH$ [Prop. 5.22].
- And $D$ does not have to $AC$ the ratio which (some) square number (has) to (some) square number.
- Thus, the (square) on $E$ does not have to the (square) on $GH$ the ratio which (some) square number (has) to (some) square number either.
- $E$ is thus incommensurable in length with $GH$ [Prop. 10.9].
- And ($E$) was also shown (to be) incommensurable (in length) with $FG$.
- Thus, $FG$ and $GH$ are each incommensurable in length with $E$.
- And since as $BA$ is to $AC$, so the (square) on $FG$ (is) to the (square) on $GH$, the (square) on $FG$ (is) thus greater than the (square) on $GH$ [Prop. 5.14].
- Therefore, let (the sum of) the (squares) on $GH$ and $K$ be equal to the (square) on $FG$.
- Thus, via convertion, as $AB$ (is) to $BC$, so the (square) on $FG$ (is) to the (square) on $K$ [Prop. 5.19 corr.] 2.
- And $AB$ does not have to $BC$ the ratio which (some) square number (has) to (some) square number.
- Hence, the (square) on $FG$ does not have to the (square) on $K$ the ratio which (some) square number (has) to (some) square number either.
- Thus, $FG$ is incommensurable in length with $K$ [Prop. 10.9].
- the square on $FG$ is thus greater than (the square on) $GH$ by the (square) on (some straight line which is) incommensurable (in length) with ($FG$).
- And $FG$ and $GH$ are rational (straight lines which are) commensurable in square only, and neither of them is commensurable in length with the rational (straight line) $E$ (previously) laid down.
- Thus, $FH$ is a sixth binomial (straight line) [Def. 10.10] .
- (Which is) the very thing it was required to show.∎

**Fitzpatrick, Richard**: Euclid's "Elements of Geometry"