(related to Proposition: Prop. 12.04: Proportion of Sizes of Tetrahedra divided into Two Similar Tetrahedra and Two Equal Prisms)

- Let there be two pyramids with the same height, having the triangular bases $ABC$ and $DEF$, (with) apexes the points $G$ and $H$ (respectively).
- And let each of them have been divided into two pyramids equal to one another, and similar to the whole, and into two equal prisms [Prop. 12.3].
- I say that as base $ABC$ is to base $DEF$, so (the sum of) all the prisms in pyramid $ABCG$ (is) to (the sum of) all the equal number of prisms in pyramid $DEFH$.

- For since $BO$ is equal to $OC$, and $AL$ to $LC$, $LO$ is thus parallel to $AB$, and triangle $ABC$ similar to triangle $LOC$ [Prop. 12.3].
- So, for the same (reasons), triangle $DEF$ is also similar to triangle $RVF$.
- And since $BC$ is double $CO$, and $EF$ (double) $FV$, thus as $BC$ (is) to $CO$, so $EF$ (is) to $FV$.
- And the similar, and similarly laid out, rectilinear (figures) $ABC$ and $LOC$ have been described on $BC$ and $CO$ (respectively), and the similar, and similarly laid out, [rectilinear] (figures) $DEF$ and $RVF$ on $EF$ and $FV$ (respectively).
- Thus, as triangle $ABC$ is to triangle $LOC$, so triangle $DEF$ (is) to triangle $RVF$ [Prop. 6.22].
- Thus, alternately, as triangle $ABC$ is to [triangle] $DEF$, so [triangle] $LOC$ (is) to triangle $RVF$ [Prop. 5.16].
- But, as triangle $LOC$ (is) to triangle $RVF$, so the prism whose base [is] [triangle]bookofproofs$6432 $LOC$, and opposite (plane) $PMN$, (is) to the prism whose base (is) triangle $RVF$, and opposite (plane) $STU$ (see lemma).
- And, thus, as triangle $ABC$ (is) to triangle $DEF$, so the prism whose base (is) triangle $LOC$, and opposite (plane) $PMN$, (is) to the prism whose base (is) triangle $RVF$, and opposite (plane) $STU$.
- And as the aforementioned prisms (are) to one another, so the prism whose base (is) parallelogram $KBOL$, and opposite (side) straight line $PM$, (is) to the prism whose base (is) parallelogram $QEVR$, and opposite (side) straight line $ST$ [Prop. 11.39], [Prop. 12.3].
- Thus, also, (is) the (sum of the) two prisms - that whose base (is) parallelogram $KBOL$, and opposite (side) $PM$, and that whose base (is) $LOC$, and opposite (plane) $PMN$ - to (the sum of) the (two) prisms - that whose base (is) $QEVR$, and opposite (side) straight line $ST$, and that whose base (is) triangle $RVF$, and opposite (plane) $STU$ [Prop. 5.12].
- And, thus, as base $ABC$ (is) to base $DEF$, so the (sum of the first) aforementioned two prisms (is) to the (sum of the second) aforementioned two prisms. And, similarly, if pyramids $PMNG$ and $STUH$ are divided into two prisms, and two pyramids, as base $PMN$ (is) to base $STU$, so (the sum of) the two prisms in pyramid $PMNG$ will be to (the sum of) the two prisms in pyramid $STUH$.
- But, as base $PMN$ (is) to base $STU$, so base $ABC$ (is) to base $DEF$.
- For the triangles $PMN$ and $STU$ (are) equal to $LOC$ and $RVF$, respectively.
- And, thus, as base $ABC$ (is) to base $DEF$, so (the sum of) the four prisms (is) to (the sum of) the four prisms [Prop. 5.12].
- So, similarly, even if we divide the pyramids left behind into two pyramids and into two prisms, as base $ABC$ (is) to base $DEF$, so (the sum of) all the prisms in pyramid $ABCG$ will be to (the sum of) all the equal number of prisms in pyramid $DEFH$.
- (Which is) the very thing it was required to show.∎

**Fitzpatrick, Richard**: Euclid's "Elements of Geometry"