Proposition: Prop. 8.14: Number divides Number iff Square divides Square

(Proposition 14 from Book 8 of Euclid's “Elements”)

If a square (number) measures a(nother) square (number) then the side (of the former) will also measure the side (of the latter). And if the side (of a square number) measures the side (of another square number) then the (former) square (number) will also measure the (latter) square (number) .


Modern Formulation

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Proofs: 1

Proofs: 1

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Adapted from (subject to copyright, with kind permission)

  1. Fitzpatrick, Richard: Euclid's "Elements of Geometry"

Adapted from CC BY-SA 3.0 Sources:

  1. Prime.mover and others: "Pr∞fWiki",, 2016