◀ ▲ ▶History / 16th-century / Person: Al-Amili, Baha&amp;#x27; al-Din
Person: Al-Amili, Baha&amp;#x27; al-Din
Al Amili was a Lebanese-born mathematician who wrote influential works on arithmetic, astronomy and grammar.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- the Shiite scholar Husayn ibn 'Abd al-Samad al-Amili wrote an eloquent letter-cum-travel account describing his experiences to his teacher Zayn al-Din al-Amili who had remained in Jabal 'Amil.
- As well as living in Herat, al-Amili also spent much time in Isfahan, now in Iran.
- At this time al-Amili was in Qazvin, the Safavid capital, both studying and teaching there.
- Al-Amili was still Shaykh al-Islam in Isfahan which then became the capital.
- When al-Amili was Shaykh al-Islam in Isfahan he travelled regularly with the royal court which was based in Qazvin.
- Let us return to the period when al-Amili was in Qazvin.
- In playing such an important role in ending what was a civil war, al-Amili was in high favour with Shah Abbas.
- Shah Abbas asked Sayyid Husayn al-Karaki and al-Amili to help him with this problem and they were able to show that Khan Ahmad Gilani's oath was not valid under Shi'ite law so the marriage could go ahead.
- Al-Amili was an expert on a wide range of subjects such as theology, philosophy, law, and mathematics.
- Among al-Amili's works on grammar we mention: The Secrets of Eloquence; All Eternal Directives respecting the Science of Arabic Grammar; and The Elevated Words, also an Arabic grammar.
- Al-Amili had several students, the most famous being Molla Sadra who became the pre-eminent philosopher of Shi'ite Islam.
- An interesting discovery was made comparatively recently in Isfahan when the house in which al-Amili lived was identified.
Born 27 February 1547, Baalbek, now in Lebanon. Died 30 August 1621, Isfahan, Iran.
View full biography at MacTutor
Tags relevant for this person:
Astronomy, Origin Lebanon
Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive