Person: Escherich, Gustav von
Gustav von Escherich published a key mathematical biography of Felix Hausdorff, and made significant contributions to mathematics, like the Escherich-Schimana Method, critical edges/components, Escherich's equations and the Escherich method, for which he received the Sylvester Medal.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- Published a key mathematical biography of Felix Hausdorff in 1895, which was praised by several prominent mathematicians.
- Was an early member of the Göttingen Mathematical Society, whose membership consisted of some of the most prominent mathematicians in Germany.
- Developed a new type of non-Eulerian graph in 1891, which is still known today as the ‘Escherich diagram’.
- Invented the ‘Escherich–Schimana Method’ for classifying graphs.
- Contributed to the field of graph theory with concepts such as the ‘critical edges’ and ‘critical components’.
- Developed a new system of equations, known as ‘Escherich's equations’, for solving differential equations with an arbitrary number of variables.
- Received the Sylvester Medal for his significant contributions to mathematics in 1906.
- Proposed a new method for solving certain equations of linear algebra in 1886, which is still known today as the 'Escherich method'.
Born 1849. Died 1935.
View full biography at [MacTutor](https://mathshistory.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Esterich/
Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive