Person: Gosset, William Sealy
Gosset invented the ttest to handle small samples for quality control in brewing. He wrote under the name "Student".
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
 William was educated at Winchester, where his favourite hobby was shooting, then entered New College Oxford where he studied chemistry and mathematics.
 Gosset obtained a post as a chemist with Arthur Guinness Son and Company in 1899.
 Many people are familiar with the name "Student" but not with the name Gosset.
 Gosset wrote under the name "Student" which explains why his name may be less well known than his important results in statistics.
 Gosset discovered the form of the ttt distribution by a combination of mathematical and empirical work with random numbers, an early application of the MonteCarlo method.
 Gosset certainly did not work in isolation.
 At the end of 1935 Gosset left Ireland to take charge of the new Guinness brewery in London.
Born 13 June 1876, Canterbury, England. Died 16 October 1937, Beaconsfield, England.
View full biography at MacTutor
Tags relevant for this person:
Origin England, Statistics
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References
Adapted from other CC BYSA 4.0 Sources:
 Oâ€™Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive