Person: Graves (3), John Thomas
Dmitry Grave was a Russian mathematician who worked in algebra and number theory.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- Their home was a one-story wooden house on the shore of Lake Siverskoye and it was in this house that Dmitry Aleksandrovich had been born.
- Grave graduated with his first degree in 1885, having written a dissertation On minimal surfaces, which was published in the Notes of the Physics and Mathematics Association of St Petersburg University Students.
- For his Master's Degree, Grave had undertaken work on Jacobi's methods for the three body problem, a topic which had been suggested by Korkin.
- Grave took their advice and became professor at Kharkov in 1897 and, from 1899, he was appointed professor at the Saint Vladimir University of Kiev, where he remained for the rest of his life.
- Grave is considered as the founder of the Kiev school of algebra which was to become the centre for algebra in the USSR.
- At Kiev Grave studied algebra and number theory.
- Grave made a major contribution to the development and improvement of teaching mathematical sciences in the University of Kiev.
- Now we mentioned that, when he had been in St Petersburg, Grave had been advised to move south for health reasons.
- This led Grave to think about applications of mathematics to insurance, and various actuarial problems.
- Grave had to discontinue his famous Kiev algebra seminar in the 1920s, give up teaching and research in algebra, and move to applied mathematics topics.
- It would not be before the 1950s, well after Grave's death, that Kiev would again play a major role in algebra research.
- Grave chaired the Applied Mathematics Commission of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine in the 1920s.
- After Grave stopped work on algebra, he began to study mechanics and applied mathematics, but he never completely gave up algebra.
- The Institute of Mathematics of the Academy of Sciences was founded in Kiev in 1934 and Grave served as the first director of the Institute from its foundation until his death in 1939.
- Among the many books that Grave wrote were Theory of Finite Groups (Russian) (1908), A Primer in Number Theory (Russian) (1909-10), Arithmetical Theory of Algebraic Quantities (Russian) (1909-10), Elements of the theory of elliptic functions (Russian) (1910), Encyclopaedia of Mathematics.
- As well as this large number of good quality books, Grave published 180 scientific papers on a wide variety of pure and applied mathematical topics during his career.
Born 6 September 1863, Kirillov, Novgorod gubernia, Russia. Died 19 December 1939, Kiev, Ukranian SSR (now Kyiv, Ukraine).
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Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive