Person: Hertz (2), Gustav
Gustav Hertz was a German physicist and Nobel Prize winner for his work on inelastic electron collisions in gases.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- As was the custom with German students at this time, Hertz did not complete his studies at a single university, but moved around to sample the best of a number of institutions.
- After Göttingen, Hertz moved to Munich where he studied at the university before moving to the University of Berlin in 1909 to study for his doctorate.
- In 1913 Hertz was appointed as an Assistant in Physics at the University of Berlin.
- Franck was five years older than Hertz and had been awarded his doctorate by the University of Berlin in 1909.
- Both Hertz and Franck were mobilised when war broke out and their research collaboration necessarily stopped.
- The war proved unfortunate for Hertz who was severely wounded in action in 1915.
- They had two sons, Carl Hellmuth Hertz, born on 15 October 1920, and Johannes Hertz who both became physicists.
- Hertz left Berlin in 1920 and worked for five years in the physics laboratory of the Philips Incandescent Lamp Factory at Eindhoven.
- After being awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1925, Hertz gave his Nobel lecture on The results of the electron-impact tests in the light of Bohr's theory of atoms on 11 December 1926.
- Hertz qualified under the exemptions, but this was not honoured over the following period.
- Hertz resigned his positions at the Technological University of Berlin in 1935 and returned to industry being appointed Director of the Siemens physics laboratory.
- When the war ended in 1945 Hertz went to the Soviet Union where he worked as the head of a research laboratory.
- Hertz received many honours in addition to the 1925 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Born 22 July 1887, Hamburg, Germany. Died 30 October 1975, Berlin, East Germany.
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Tags relevant for this person:
Origin Germany, Prize Nobel
Thank you to the contributors under CC BY-SA 4.0!
Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive