Person: Kutta, Martin Wilhelm
Wilhelm Kutta was a German engineer who is best known for his work on the numerical solution of differential equations (the RungeKutta method).
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
 After graduating from the Gymnasium, Kutta studied at the University of Breslau from 1885 to 1890.
 Kutta was appointed to a post at the Technische Hochschule at Munich as an assistant in mathematics and physics from 1894.
 It contains the now famous RungeKutta method for solving ordinary differential equations.
 Sebastian Finsterwalder also taught at the Institute in Munich where Kutta worked and he was interested in aviation.
 He brought photographs of early aircraft to the Institute and Kutta became fascinated by the mathematics behind aviation, namely aerodynamics.
 At Stuttgart Kutta concentrated his teaching on engineers who benefited greatly from his inspiring presentation.
 The former contains the RungeKutta method for solving ordinary differential equations while the latter contains the ZhukovskyKutta (or JoukowskiKutta) theorem giving the lift on an aerofoil.
 Zhukovsky made the discoveries independently of Kutta, and published his version four years after Kutta.
 However, Kutta went on to make further important contributions to aerodynamics.
 Two further topics which Kutta worked on were research on glaciers and also research in the history of mathematics.
 Kutta made measurements of glaciers working from photographs taken in the East Alps and also worked with others in constructing maps of the area covered by glaciers.
 On the other topic, namely the history of mathematics, our first comment is that this was a very natural interest for Kutta to have.
 Kutta's paper was published in 1901.
 Kutta was a remarkable person quite apart from his outstanding contributions to mathematics.
 However, Pfeiffer also writes that despite Kutta's wide ranging interests, he was a lonely man.
Born 3 November 1867, Pitschen, Upper Silesia (now Byczyna, Poland). Died 25 December 1944, Fürstenfeldbruck, Germany.
View full biography at MacTutor
Tags relevant for this person:
Analysis, Origin Poland
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References
Adapted from other CC BYSA 4.0 Sources:
 O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive