Person: Litvinova, Elizaveta


Elizaveta Litvinova was the second woman to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics. A competent mathematician, she was denied the possibility to teach and research at high levels in Russia. She was a friend of Sofia Kovalevskaya and wrote a biography of her and of other mathematicians. She also wrote around 70 articles on teaching mathematics.

Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):

Born 21 September 1845, Tula, Russia. Died 1919, St Petersburg, Russia.

View full biography at MacTutor

Origin Russia, Women

Thank you to the contributors under CC BY-SA 4.0!



Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:

  1. O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive