Person: Nikodym, Otton Marcin
Otton Nikodym was a Polish mathematician who worked in America and is known for his work on integration theory.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- On 2 April 1919, the Polish Mathematical Society was founded by sixteen mathematicians - among them Otton Nikodym.
- In 1924, under strong pressure from Sierpiński, Nikodym agreed to take his doctoral examination at Warsaw University.
- During this period Nikodym published 32 papers and four textbooks.
- Nikodym's name is mostly known in measure theory (e.
- the Radon-Nikodym theorem and derivative, the Nikodym convergence theorem, the Nikodym-Grothendieck boundedness theorem), in functional analysis (the Radon-Nikodym property of a Banach space, the Frechet-Nikodym metric space, a Nikodym set), projections onto convex sets with applications to Dirichlet problem, generalized solutions of differential equations, descriptive set theory and the foundations of quantum mechanics.
- This paradoxical set in the plane, which for certain problems plays a role similar to Besicovitch sets is called a Nikodym set.
- In 1945 Nikodym became a professor at the Technical University of Cracow and in academic year 1945/46 taught mathematics.
- After he retired, the Nikodyms moved in 1966 to Utica, New York, where he continued his research, sponsored in part by the Atomic Energy Comission and National Science Foundation.
- Nikodym wrote three volumes of Didactics of pure mathematics in high school but published only the two first volumes in 1930 and 1938.
- Nikodym liked good literature and fairy-tales but mostly music.
Born 13 August 1887, Zablotow, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now Ukraine). Died 4 May 1974, Utica, USA.
View full biography at MacTutor
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Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive