Person: Sampson, Ralph Allen
Ralph Sampson was an Irish astronomer who worked on the theory of the motions of Jupiter's four Galilean satellites.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- Only at age fourteen did Ralph's formal education begin when he entered the Liverpool Institute.
- After two years as a lecturer in mathematics in London, Sampson returned to Cambridge in 1891 when he became the first holder of the Isaac Newton Studentship in Astronomy and Physical Optics.
- Sampson used a series of accurate observations from Harvard College Observatory to amend the existing theory of the satellite orbits, but the disagreement between theory and observation persisted.
- Sampson also did a superb job editing one volume of the papers of his former tutor, John Couch Adams.
- The whole work was published in several volumes between 1896 and 1900, with Sampson's volume appearing in 1900.
- In 1910 Sampson was appointed to a professorship at the University of Edinburgh and also as Astronomer Royal for Scotland.
- More significant was that during Sampson's presidency, women were admitted as fellows on equal terms to men.
- Sampson received many honours for his contributions.
Born 25 June 1866, Schull, Co Cork, Ireland. Died 7 November 1939, Bath, England.
View full biography at MacTutor
Tags relevant for this person:
Astronomy, Origin Ireland
Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive