Person: Somov, Osip Ivanovich
Osip Somov was a Russian mathematician who was the first in Russia to deal with the solution of kinematic problems.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- Osip attended secondary school in Moscow and then entered Moscow University to study mathematics and physics in the famous Faculty of Physics and Mathematics.
- In 1841 Somov was invited to teach at the University of St Petersburg, and he accepted this invitation and spent the rest of his life living in St Petersburg.
- Somov was elected as an associate of the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences in 1857, becoming an academician in 1862 on the death of Mikhail Ostrogradski.
- Somov was the first in Russia to develop a geometrical approach to theoretical mechanics.
- Other topics Somov studied included elliptic functions and their application to mechanics.
- The first in Russia to deal with the solution of kinematic problems, Somov included a chapter on this topic in his textbook on theoretical mechanics.
- Somov's theory of higher-order accelerations of a point, and of an unchanging system of points, was a significant contribution.
- Pavel Somov created the Russian school of the theory of mechanics of machines.
Born 1 June 1815, Otrada, Moscow gubernia (now oblast), Russia. Died 26 April 1876, St Petersburg, Russia.
View full biography at MacTutor
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Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive