Person: Young (2), William Henry
William Young discovered Lebesgue integration, independently but two years after Lebesgue. He studied Fourier series and orthogonal series in general.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- He immediately saw the potential that Young had for mathematics and he encouraged him in that direction.
- In 1881 Young entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, to begin his undergraduate studies of mathematics.
- At Cambridge Young was an outstanding student showing far more mathematical ability than any of the other students in his year.
- Young was one such student for he made a very conscious decision that becoming First Wrangler was less important to him than having varied interests, both academic and sporting, at university.
- However Young did not even submit an essay for this prize but submitted an essay for a theology prize instead.
- One of the students Young tutored was Grace Emily Chisholm, who studied mathematics at Girton College.
- Discussions with Klein seems to inspire Young.
- However Young returned to Cambridge during term time where he both taught and examined.
- In 1915, while holding his two part-time chairs, the Youngs moved their permanent home from Geneva to Lausanne.
- Young discovered a form of Lebesgue integration, independently but two years after Lebesgue.
- This 1910 book was one of three which Young wrote.
- Young was widely travelled, visiting universities in Europe, America, Asia, and Africa.
Born 20 October 1863, London, England. Died 7 July 1942, Lausanne, Switzerland.
View full biography at MacTutor
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Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive