Person: Gluskin, Lazar Matveevich
Lazar Gluskin was a Ukranian mathematician who worked on semigroups of linear transformations.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- However, Donetsk was formerly (until 1924, so for the first two years of Gluskin's life) Yuzovka, then (1924-61) Stalino.
- Walking, riding in railway freight cars, hitchhiking, Gluskin managed to escape.
- But Gluskin was determined to study mathematics and returned to Kharkov University.
- There his studies were supervised by Anton Kazimirovic Suschkevic, one of the first mathematicians to make major progress in the theory of semigroups, and in 1949 Gluskin was awarded his Diploma in Mathematics.
- Although by now a great enthusiast for semigroups, Gluskin could not continue to undertake research at Kharkov University but was forced to take a teaching position at the Kharkov Pedagogical Institute.
- However, Kharkov was an important cultural centre and Gluskin was able to mix with many leading mathematicians there.
- The first of Gluskin's papers An associative system of square matrices (Russian) appeared in 1954.
- In 1961 Gluskin's quality research was recognised when he was awarded a Doctor of Sciences degree from Moscow University.
- It was A G Kurosh, who held the Chair of Algebra at Moscow University, who organised that Gluskin defend his thesis there for the higher degree.
- The award of the degree helped Gluskin to become a full professor at the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy in Voroschilovsk in 1962 and, three years later, to return to Kharkov to the chair of mathematics at the Kharkov Mining Institute.
- His health began to deteriorate and in 1968 S D Berman took over the chair while Gluskin continued to work as professor of mathematics relieved of the extra work and responsibilities of the chair.
- For many years Gluskin worked on dense extensions of commutative semigroups.
- If Gluskin was sure that the mathematical substance of the results was sound, he was there to help - even if this could hurt his own career.
Born 10 March 1922, Artemovsk (now Bakhmut) Donetsk Province, Ukraine. Died 15 April 1985, Kharkov, Ukraine.
View full biography at MacTutor
Tags relevant for this person:
Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive