◀ ▲ ▶History / 20th-century / Person: Keldysh (2), Mstislav Vsevolodovich
Person: Keldysh (2), Mstislav Vsevolodovich
Mstislav Keldysh was a Latvian-born Soviet mathematician and engineer who did important work on aerohydrodynamics. He also worked on functions of a complex variable and differential equations.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- Mstislav Vsevolodovich was always proud of his noble roots even though this gave him problems in Communist Russia.
- Mstislav Keldysh was proud of his noble origins even through he might have had an easier time if he had hidden them.
- Keldysh worked on aerohydrodynamics, publishing a series of papers on the topic between 1934 and 1937.
- Keldysh's theoretical work on this was a highly significant factor in overcoming the problem.
- But this was not the only research that Keldysh was undertaking at the time, for Ivan Matveevich Vinogradov invited him to undertake research for a doctorate at the V A Steklov Mathematical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences after the Institute had moved from Leningrad to Moscow in 1934.
- Keldysh's research seminars soon came to assume a prominent role in the mathematical life of Moscow and influenced the development of many young mathematicians, both pure and applied, now distinguished research workers.
- Keldysh continued his research, often collaborating with his former teacher, Mikhail Lavrent'ev.
- For example Keldysh published: Conformal mappings of multiply connected domains on canonical domains (1939), a survey of recent developments; (with Lavrent'ev) Sur une évaluation pour la fonction de Green (1939); (with Lavrent'ev) Sur un problème de M Carleman (1939); and the single-authored paper Sur l'approximation en moyenne quadratique des fonctions analytiques (1939).
- One of the topics that most interested Keldysh around this time was the Dirichlet problem.
- As an example of his work in this area we quote from a review of Keldysh's paper On the solubility and the stability of Dirichlet's problem (Russian) (1941).
- M Keldysh was the President of the Academy of Sciences of USSR for a long time.
- Let us look in a little more detail at some of these aspects of Keldysh's career.
- The first successful satellite launch in 1957 marked the beginning of an intensive programme of space research and Keldysh was involved in this through a number of different organisations such as the Department of Applied Mathematics which he headed.
- In 1959 the Interdepartmental Scientific and Engineering Council was established and Keldysh was appointed head of the Council.
- Matters came to a head in 1964, during Keldysh's presidency, when Nikolai Nuzhdin, an associate of Lysenko, was proposed for full membership of the Academy.
- It was for health reasons that Keldysh stepped down as president of the Academy in 1975.
- Keldysh received many honours both from his own country and from foreign countries.
Born 10 February 1911, Riga, Latvia. Died 24 June 1978, Moscow, Russia.
View full biography at MacTutor
Tags relevant for this person:
Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive