Person: Kline, Morris
Morris Kline was an American mathematician best known for his books popularising mathematics and on the history of mathematics.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
 Morris was brought up in New York City, first in Brooklyn and then in Jamaica in the borough of Queens.
 Kline's first research was in pure mathematics and following papers related to his doctoral thesis he published Representation of homeomorphisms in Hilbert space in 1939.
 In 1959 Kline published Mathematics and the Physical World, a companion volume to Mathematics in Western Culture.
 This book emphasises Kline's firm belief that mathematics underlies all of science, indeed all of natural knowledge.
 A major book devoted to the history of mathematics Mathematical Thought From Ancient to Modern Times (1972) earned Kline much praise.
 If these texts often contained ideas that were 'mildly controversial', then Kline's books attacking the teaching of mathematics at school and university level provoked a considerably stronger reaction: Why Johnny Can't Add: The Failure of the New Mathematics (1973) and Why the professor can't teach: Mathematics and the dilemma of university education (1977).
 Almost every page contains some vituperative attack on Kline's fellow mathematicians ...
 We should not give the impression that Kline only began to attack the way mathematics is taught as he approached retirement age.
 We have only mentioned a selection of Kline's books in this biography but we have chosen to comment on typical examples which have all stimulated very worthwhile debate.
 Kline retired from teaching in 1975 although, as the list of books above indicates, he continued to publish major texts.
Born 1 May 1908, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, USA. Died 10 June 1992, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, USA.
View full biography at MacTutor
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References
Adapted from other CC BYSA 4.0 Sources:
 Oâ€™Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive