◀ ▲ ▶History / 20th-century / Person: Kublanovskaya, Vera Nikolaevna
Person: Kublanovskaya, Vera Nikolaevna
Vera Kublanovskaya was a Russian mathematician who developed computational methods for solving spectral problems of algebra.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- Krokino, where Vera was born, was a small fishing village on the south east side of Ozero Beloye, a lake due east of St Petersburg (named Petrograd at the time that she was born, but becoming Leningrad in 1924) and due north of Moscow.
- It was at the town of Belozersk that Vera Nikolaevna attended secondary school and, after graduating, she took a course to train to become a primary school teacher.
- Accepted without any further examinations, Vera Nikolaevna began her studies at the Pedagogical Institute in 1939.
- This had little effect on life in Leningrad where Vera Nikolaevna met Dmitrii Konstantinovich Faddeev who strongly advised her that she should follow a career in mathematics.
- However, in 1945 Vera Nikolaevna decided that she would investigate whether Faddeev's suggestion that she study for a degree in mathematics at Leningrad State University still applied.
- After three years of study, Vera Nikolaevna graduated from Leningrad State University and was given an appointment as a junior researcher at the V A Steklov Mathematical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences in Leningrad.
- Vera Nikolaevna worked with Kantorovich on this project in a secret Leningrad laboratory until 1955.
- Following this Kublanovskaya was promoted to a senior researcher at the Steklov Mathematical Institute.
- He set up a research group, which Kublanovskaya joined, developing PRORAB, an abbreviation of the Russian for "task manager".
- That was the beginning of Vera Nikolaevna's activities on developing algorithms of numerical linear algebra.
- Kublanovskaya continued publishing significant papers on related topics (all written in Russian) such as: (with Vera Faddeeva) Computational methods for the solution of the general eigenvalue problem (1962); On a method of orthogonalizing a system of vectors (1964); Reduction of an arbitrary matrix to tridiagonal form (1964); A numerical scheme for the Jacobi process (1964); Some bounds for the eigenvalues of a positive definite matrix (1965); An algorithm for the calculation of eigenvalues of positive definite matrices (1965); On a certain process of supplementary orthogonalisation of vectors (1965); and A method for solving the complete problem of eigenvalues of a degenerate matrix (1966).
- Also in 1966 she published a joint paper with Dmitrii Faddeev and Vera Faddeeva Sur les systèmes linéaires algébriques de matrices rectangulaires et mal-conditionnées.
- In more recent work, Kublanovskaya has worked with Vladimir Borisovich Khazanov.
- It is simply impossible to overestimate the role of V N Kublanovskaya in training students in the field of numerical methods and computational mathematics.
Born 21 November 1920, Krokino, Vologda Oblast, Russia. Died 21 February 2012, St Petersburg, Russia.
View full biography at MacTutor
Tags relevant for this person:
Origin Russia, Women
Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive