Person: Marczewski, Edward
Edward Marczewski was a Polish mathematician who worked in measure theory, descriptive set theory, general topology, probability theory and universal algebra.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- We will call him Marczewski for this biography.
- At the University of Warsaw he was taught by Kuratowski who was teaching the first year calculus course that Marczewski attended.
- The audience then was exceptionally large (about 300 persons), the largest in the pre-war period; Marczewski was the best.
- Kuratowski directed Marczewski's studies and gave him much personal attention.
- However it was two other mathematicians at the University of Warsaw who influenced Marczewski more than Kuratowski.
- These were Mazurkiewicz and Sierpiński who interested Marczewski in measure theory and related topics.
- He had remained interested in collaborating with Kuratowski and, in the same year as his doctorate was awarded, a joint paper by Marczewski and Kuratowski was published in Fundamenta Mathematicae.
- Marczewski was right, but sadly time were about to change.
- Marczewski was visiting Lwów when it was occupied by the German army and here, as throughout Poland, intellectuals perished.
- Then Marczewski returned to Warsaw, but in the capital things were equally difficult.
- For much of the war Marczewski survived in Warsaw suffering great hardships.
- In Wrocław, Marczewski was a prisoner of the Germans while the Russian forces besieged the city.
- On 6 May 1945 the Russian forces captured Wrocław and Marczewski was set free.
- The most important outcome which Marczewski worked for was the setting up of a Polish university in Wrocław.
- In addition to Marczewski, who was appointed as a professor, Steinhaus was appointed as Dean of the Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.
- Marczewski later became rector of the University and served for four years in this role.
- The General Meeting considers it to be a matter of great importance that the Wrocław Section, under the direction of Professors B Knaster, E Marczewski, H Steinhaus and W Slebodzinski and in cooperation with the University and Technical University of Wrocław, should constitute one of the most active scientific centres radiating across the Western Territories.
- Marczewski founded the journal Colloquium Mathematicum in 1946 in Wrocław, and he was its editor-in-chief for 30 years.
- Marczewski was proposed as Deputy General Secretary of the Mathematical Institute.
- We should end by making comments on Marczewski's mathematics.
Born 15 November 1907, Warsaw, Russian Empire (now Poland). Died 17 October 1976, Wrocław, Poland.
View full biography at MacTutor
Tags relevant for this person:
Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive