Person: Thompson (3), John
John Thompson is an American mathematician best known for his proof (with Walter Feit) of one of the most important theorems on finite simple groups.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
- Thompson's thesis, as is clear from its title, proved Frobenius's conjecture that a finite group with an automorphism which does not fix any group element is necessarily nilpotent.
- Thompson was an assistant at Harvard University in 1961-62, then, in 1962, he was appointed professor at the University of Chicago.
- In 1968 Thompson accepted a fellowship at University College, Cambridge in England.
- It is no coincidence that starting at the time of Thompson's thesis, group theory leapt into prominence as the mathematical topic which was attracting most attention and which was undergoing the most rapid development.
- Thompson, working with Walter Feit, proved in 1963 that all nonabelian finite simple groups were of even order.
- Both Thompson and Feit received the Frank Nelson Cole Prize in 1965 when the thirteenth award was made to them for this their joint paper.
- Another major early step by Thompson towards the classification of finite simple groups was his classification of those finite simple groups in which every soluble subgroup has a soluble normaliser.
- Thompson was awarded a Fields Medal for his work at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Nice in 1970.
- It was only after the Feit-Thompson paper that one could be sure that the whole question was a reasonable one.
- During the 1970s Thompson contributed to the understanding of these groups.
- John Thompson's interests after 1970 became broader and over the 1970s he also made major contributions to coding theory.
- During the 1980s much of Thompson's work was on the problem of which finite groups could occur as Galois groups.
- In 1989 Thompson was one of the five main speakers at the Groups St Andrews meeting.
- The picture of Thompson shown here was taken in St Andrews during the conference.
- Thompson has received many awards for his outstanding contributions to mathematics.
- Among the honorary degrees that Thompson has received are ones from Yale University (1980), the University of Chicago (1985), the University of Oxford (1987) and Ohio State University (2008).
- In a major breakthrough, Feit and Thompson proved that every non-elementary simple group has an even number of elements.
- Later Thompson extended this result to establish a classification of an important kind of finite simple group called an NNN-group.
- Thompson and his students played a major role in understanding the fascinating properties of these sporadic groups, including the largest, the so-called Monster.
- The achievements of John Thompson and of Jacques Tits are of extraordinary depth and influence.
Born 13 October 1932, Ottawa, Kansas, USA.
View full biography at MacTutor
Tags relevant for this person:
Prize Abel, Algebra, Prize Fields Medal, Group Theory, Origin Usa, Puzzles And Problems, Prize Wolf
Adapted from other CC BY-SA 4.0 Sources:
- O’Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive