Proposition: 1.24: Angles and Sides in a Triangle III

(Proposition 24 from Book 1 of Euclid's “Elements”)

If two triangles have two sides equal to two sides, respectively, but (one) has the angle encompassed by the equal straight lines greater than the (corresponding) angle (in the other), then (the former triangle) will also have a base greater than the base (of the latter).


Modern Formulation

If in two triangles \(\triangle{ABC}\), \(\triangle{DEF}\) we have two pairs of sides in each triangle respectively equal to the other, (without loss of generality assume \(\overline{AB}=\overline{DE}\) and \(\overline{AC}=\overline{DF}\)), where the interior angle in one triangle is greater in measure than the interior angle of the other triangle (\(\angle{BAC} > \angle{EDF}\)), then the remaining sides of the triangles will be unequal in length; specifically, the triangle with the greater interior angle will have a greater side than the triangle with the lesser interior angle (\(\overline{BC} > \overline{EF}\)).

Proofs: 1

Proofs: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Propositions: 7

Thank you to the contributors under CC BY-SA 4.0!



Adapted from CC BY-SA 3.0 Sources:

  1. Callahan, Daniel: "Euclid’s 'Elements' Redux" 2014

Adapted from (Public Domain)

  1. Casey, John: "The First Six Books of the Elements of Euclid"

Adapted from (subject to copyright, with kind permission)

  1. Fitzpatrick, Richard: Euclid's "Elements of Geometry"