(related to Proposition: The Equality of Sets Is an Equivalence Relation)
Please note that there is no set of all sets. Therefore, our universal set $U$ is some given set. We want to show that the equality of sets "$=$" fulfills all the defining properties of an equivalence relation for every subset of $A\subseteq U:$
- For any subset $A\subseteq U$ we have $A=A$ by the axiom of extensionality. Thus "$=$" is reflexive.
- If $A,B\subset U$, then, by the same axiom, from $A=B$ it follows $B=A.$ Thus, "$=$" is symmetric.
- If $A,B,C\subset U$, then, by the same axiom, from $A=B$, and $B=C$, it follows $A=C$. Thus, "$=$" is "transitive.
- Landau, Edmund: "Grundlagen der Analysis", Heldermann Verlag, 2008