Person: AlSamarqandi, Shams alDin
Shams alSamarqandi was an Islamic mathematician who wrote works on theology, logic, philosophy, mathematics and astronomy.
Mathematical Profile (Excerpt):
 Nothing is known of alSamarqandi's life except that he composed his most important works around 1276.
 AlSamarqandi wrote a work Risala fi adab albahth which discussed the method of intellectual investigation of reasoning using dialogue.
 In mathematics alSamarqandi is famous for a short work of only 20 pages which discusses 35 of Euclid's propositions.
 Although a short work, alSamarqandi consulted widely the works of other Islamic mathematicians before writing it.
 For example he refers to writings by alHaytham, Omar Khayyam, alJawhari, Nasir alDin alTusi, and alAbhari.
 Not only did alSamarqandi consult the writings of many other mathematicians before writing his short work, in turn several later mathematicians read alSamarqandi's 20 page work and referred to it in their own writings.
 For example Qadi Zada mentions alSamarqandi's short work on Euclid's propositions.
Born about 1250, Samarkand, Uzbekistan. Died about 1310.
View full biography at MacTutor
Tags relevant for this person:
Ancient Arab, Astronomy, Origin Uzbekistan
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References
Adapted from other CC BYSA 4.0 Sources:
 Oâ€™Connor, John J; Robertson, Edmund F: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive