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Definition: Topological Product, Product Topology
Let $(X,\mathcal O_X)$ and $(Y,\mathcal O_Y)$ be two topological spaces. The topological product (or product space) $(Z,\mathcal O_Z)$ of $X$ and $Y$ is defined as $$ (Z,\mathcal O_Z):=(X\times Y,\mathcal O_Z\},$$ where $X\times Y$ denotes the usual Cartesian product.
The product topology $\mathcal O_Z$ of the topological product is defined as a set of subsets $U\subseteq X\times Y$ such that for every $(x,y)\in U\in\mathcal O_Z$ there exist open sets $A\in\mathcal O_X$ and $B\in\mathcal O_Y$ such that $x\in A,$ $y\in B,$ and $A\times B\subset U.$
- The Cartesian product $A\times B$ is also called an open box.
- The product topology is the coarsest topology on $Z$ such that all of the coordinate projection are continuous. This topology is called the Tychonoff topology.
Thank you to the contributors under CC BY-SA 4.0!
- Steen, L.A.;Seebach J.A.Jr.: "Counterexamples in Topology", Dover Publications, Inc, 1970
- Jänich, Klaus: "Topologie", Springer, 2001, 7th Edition