(related to Proposition: A General Criterion for the Convergence of Infinite Complex Series)

Let \(s_j:=\sum_{k=0}^j x_k\) be the \(j\)-th partial sum of the infinite complex series \(\sum_{k=0}^\infty x_k\) and let \((s_j)_{j\in\mathbb N}\) be the complex sequence of these partial sums. The proposed condition for the convergence states that for every \(\epsilon > 0\) there is an index \(N(\epsilon)\in\mathbb N\) such that

\[\left|\sum_{k=m}^n x_k\right| < \epsilon\quad\quad \text{for all}\quad n\ge m\ge N(\epsilon).\]


\[s_n-s_{m-1}=\sum_{k=m}^n x_k,\]

we get

\[\left|s_n-s_{m-1}\right| < \epsilon\quad\quad \text{for all}\quad n\ge m\ge N(\epsilon).\]

This means that the complex sequence \((s_j)_{j\in\mathbb N}\) is a complex Cauchy sequence. According to the completeness principle for complex numbers, every complex Cauchy sequence is convergent. If follows that \(\sum_{k=0}^\infty x_k\) is a convergent complex series.

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  1. Forster Otto: "Analysis 1, Differential- und Integralrechnung einer Veränderlichen", Vieweg Studium, 1983